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Master Thesis

Universalisme et intersectionnalité : les femmes noires au sein des mouvements féministes et antiracistes des années 1960 et 1970 aux États-Unis

Abstract : The feminist and antiracist movements of the 1960s and 1970s lacked an intersectional framework, thereby marginalizing and making African-American women invisible because of their multidimensional identity. Since Black women simultaneously belonged to two minority groups, they experienced specific forms of oppression, which contrasted with the universal approach embraced by both movements. Feminist and antiracist militants struggled against a fake universal norm in society but reproduced a similar norm within their organisations, considering that each member of their group experienced sexism and racism in the same way. Intersectional forms of oppression were thus neglected to the benefit of intragroup similarities as opposed to intragroup differences, excluding African-American women from their discourse in the process. However, for a movement to be efficient and successful, universalism is important so as to establish unity and a common goal. Intersectionality might therefore be regarded as a heuristic method and a framework enabling social movements to embrace differences within unity.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02274901
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Submitted on : Friday, August 30, 2019 - 12:12:02 PM
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Juliette Duval. Universalisme et intersectionnalité : les femmes noires au sein des mouvements féministes et antiracistes des années 1960 et 1970 aux États-Unis. Sciences de l'Homme et Société. 2019. ⟨dumas-02274901⟩

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