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Master Thesis

Amputation du membre inférieur et capacités aérobies : comparaison des effets d'un programme de réentraînement à l'effort sur ergocycle à bras et d’un réentraînement à l’effort combiné sur ergocycle à bras et ergocycle à jambe

Abstract : This study assessing the cardiorespiratory endurance of lower limb amputees, compares the impact of a workout program involving pedaling on leg ergocycle and arm ergocycle to a pedaling program that only solicited upper limbs. 2 men, trans-tibial amputees of traumatic and vascular origin participated at this research. A submaximal effort test of pedaling with the upper limbs is realized to measure the maximum power reached (Pmax), the heart rate associated with this work intensity, and the sensation of effort (Borg RPE). During 6 weeks, the 2 subjects perform an aerobic interval training at the rate of 4 sessions per week from 35 to 40 min. The protocol implies that one participant solicits only the upper limbs and the second alternates the work of the upper limbs and the contralateral lower limb. A gradual increase in session duration is conducted during the 3 first weeks of the study, followed by an increase in work intensity over the last 3 weeks. We observe an increase in Pmax in both subjects, as well as a decrease in the perception of effort. A decrease in resting heart rate and heart rate at Pmax is measured only in the subject performing the combined training. However, the results are not significant in view of the small population sample. We conclude that training the lower limb in addition to the arms is just as useful or even more effective than re-training the arms alone, to improve the aerobic abilities of the amputees.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02283193
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 10, 2019 - 3:37:48 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-02283193, version 1

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Marig Joubaud. Amputation du membre inférieur et capacités aérobies : comparaison des effets d'un programme de réentraînement à l'effort sur ergocycle à bras et d’un réentraînement à l’effort combiné sur ergocycle à bras et ergocycle à jambe. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02283193⟩

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