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Master Thesis

L’hypersialorrhée gravidique : le point de vue des femmes

Abstract : Objective: our main objective was to evaluate the impact of the ptyalism gravidarum on the quality of life of theses pregnant. Our secondary objectives were, on the one hand, to evaluate the personal strategies implemented by these women and through their comments to evaluate the management by health professionals of perinatal care. On the other hand, we wanted to establish the main characteristics of ptyalism gravidarum. Methods: we conducted an observational, descriptive, quantitative, retrospective and multicentric study in five public maternity hospitals in the Île-de-France region. The data collection was done by means of a questionnaire from July 2018 to February 2019. The distribution and collection of the questionnaires were carried out by us or by the various maternity staff sensitized to the study. We include in our study all pregnant women with an hypersialorrhea who started with this pregnancy. Only minor or major patients under curatorship, patients who spoke neither French nor English and patients who did not wish to participate in the study after explanation were excluded. Results: in total we were able to collect 27 questionnaires. The analysis of the results showed that ptyalism gravidarum had a negative impact on the lives of these women : 24 of the 27 women who participated in the study reported at least one negative impact of this hypersalivation, which could be either on their sleep (n=20), on their leisure activities (n=18) or on their pregnancy experience (n=17). The strategies of these women mainly resided in an addiction to this symptom that has means to reduce their hypersalivation. On the other hand, there is no real care by health professionals because it is a little-known subject that affects an identified minority of people. Our study also highlighted the ethnic nature of this condition: 23 out of 27 women come from Africa (14 women were from sub-Saharan Africa and 9 from North Africa). Conclusion: our study suggests that ptyalism gravidarum is a symptom of benign pregnancy but whose negative impact on different aspects of a woman's daily life should be given more attention. A study on a greater effectiveness would allow a better appreciation of these results.
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  • HAL Id : dumas-02294909, version 1

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Kenie François. L’hypersialorrhée gravidique : le point de vue des femmes. Gynécologie et obstétrique. 2019. ⟨dumas-02294909⟩

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