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Master Thesis

Impact des consultations pédiatriques de suivi et d’éducation thérapeutique sur l’asthme au centre hospitalier de Mayotte

Abstract : Background: Asthma, chronic disease affecting more than 350 millions of people in the world, requires to use a continuous preventive treatment to be controlled. Use of this treatment involves an important therapeutic education. For several years now, a dedicated consultation has been set up at Mayotte’s hospital center in order to follow the patients and teach them how to use their treatment properly. This consultation receives children of all ages who have consulted in emergencies or have been hospitalized for an asthma attack. Aim of the study: Evaluate the outcome of Asthma therapeutic education at Mayotte’s hospital center on overall management and control of the disease. Method: Children who have benefited from a first consultation between the 1st January 2015 and the 31th December 2017 were eligible for the study. It’s a retrospective and comparative study of the number of consultations and hospitalizations for asthma attacks one-year-before/one-year-after. Results: Sixty-six children were included. The statistical analyses show a significant reduction in the number of emergency room visits (p=0.001), hospitalizations (p=0.0119) and attacks at home(p=5.074x10-12) Conclusion: Asthma therapeutic education at Mayotte’s hospital center allows the children who benefit from it to improve their follow-up and a better control of their disease.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02340846
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 31, 2019 - 9:03:17 AM
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Quentin Duval. Impact des consultations pédiatriques de suivi et d’éducation thérapeutique sur l’asthme au centre hospitalier de Mayotte. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02340846⟩

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