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Master Thesis

Mindfulness, sensorialité et santé mentale

Abstract : Background: Mindfulness-based psychotherapeutic interventions, which consist of deliberately paying particular attention, in the present moment and without judgment, to one's thoughts, emotions and body awareness, represent an interesting management option in depressive disorders, including mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT). Objective: The purpose of our MBCT Per Sens study is to assess the relevance of an MBCT program in the transdiagnostic management of mental pathologies and to determine whether the clinical benefits of MBCT involve an improvement in sensory functioning (interoception and exteroception). Material and Method: MBCT Per Sens is a prospective, monocentric, interventional pilot study of cohort follow-up before and after psychotherapeutic management in outpatient settings using a cycle of MBCT. The data collection includes the following subjective variables: mental health (Beck, Rumination, mental health (GHQ)), psychological functioning (mindfulness functioning (FMI), hope, optimism) and sensory functioning (sensory gating (SGI), interception (MAIA)) and the following objective variables: flavour identification and olfaction (detection, hedonic value, identification). Results: Sixty-six patients were included in our study. They have a multidiagnostic mental suffering profile with moderate depressive symptoms and a socio-psychological profile of vulnerability. The ITT analyses show an improvement in the depressive variable. The PP analyses show an improvement in mental health, mindful functioning and psychosensory functioning. Clinical improvement is correlated with improvement in mindful functioning and sensory filtering but not with interoception. Conclusion: The data suggest that MBCT provides transdiagnostic psychotherapeutic management of mental diseases. Clinical improvement involves sensory improvement that should be explored through larger studies that focus on the maintenance of clinical benefits.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02382561
Contributor : Faculté de Médecine Amu <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 27, 2019 - 11:32:16 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 2, 2020 - 10:48:41 AM

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Aude Azema. Mindfulness, sensorialité et santé mentale. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2019. ⟨dumas-02382561⟩

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