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Master Thesis

Étude de la durée des allaitements mis en place à la Maternité de Bagatelle labellisée Initiative Hôpital Ami des Bébés (IHAB)

Abstract : Exclusive breastfeeding is the feeding method recommended by WHO and UNICEF for infants during the first 6 months of ther life. Rates of initiation and continuation of breastfeeding in France are among the worst in developed countries. The Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (IHAB) label was launched to promote, encourage and support breastfeeding. Are maternal breastfeeding established in the labeled Bagatelle Maternity lasting longer than in other maternity hospitals in France, thanks to the policy of the label? The main objective is to study the duration of exclusive and mixed breastfeeding implemented at the maternity of Bagatelle labeled IHAB, up to six months. The primary endpoint is the date of discontinuation of exclusive and mixed breastfeeding. All patients who has initiated breastfeeding from March 31, 2017 to May 15, 2017 were included in the study. The datas were collected by written surveys at the maternity and then by phone at 2 and 6 months. 94 patients were included in the study. Of the 94 patients included in the study, 37 were still breastfeeding at 6 months, ie 39%. The median for stopping breastfeeding (exclusive and mixed) is 18 and a half weeks. It’s 15 weeks for exclusive breastfeeding. The most important factor influencing the continuation of breastfeeding is the initial breastfeeding project. In France, according to the EPIFANE study, the median duration of breastfeeding is 15 weeks and 24 days for exclusive breastfeeding. 23% of children were still breastfed at 6 months compared to 39% in our study. The duration of breastfeeding set up at the maternity of Bagatelle is longer, especially for exclusive breastfeeding.
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Master Thesis
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Anne Bissieres. Étude de la durée des allaitements mis en place à la Maternité de Bagatelle labellisée Initiative Hôpital Ami des Bébés (IHAB). Microbiologie et Parasitologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02494157⟩



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