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Master Thesis

Guerre et presse : la première guerre sino-japonaise (1894-1895) vue par la presse française

Abstract : On July 3rd, 1894, Le Figaro mentions for the first time what will become, a month later, the first Sino-Japanese war. For nearly ten months, China and Japan fought in Korea, in the Yellow Sea and in Manchuria, during a war that will change the order, establish for centuries in the Far East. After the treaty of Shimonoseki, signed April 17th, 1895 between the two powers, Japan, expanded from the present island of Taiwan and the Pescadores Islands, becomes for the first time an imperialist and colonial power, and most importantly, the first regional power to the detriment of China. A victory so important that Russia, France and Germany, intervened in the Triple Intervention in order to limit the Japanese territorial acquisitions. Until the end of the conflict, the French press will follow all the results in one of the first exclusively Asian and non-European war. The purpose of this book is to get in three very different historiographical fields, by studying the French press's discourse on the conflict between 1894 and 1895, in order to make a history of the representations of this war taking place far away, and the impact they had on the representations of belligerents as a people themselves. This conflict takes place at the crossroads of major mutations of the last part of the nineteenth century, such as the emergence of the idea of the finiteness world, enabled by a technological boom, who allows to travel and learn more quickly, or the acceleration of the European colonialist doctrine of the last fifteen years, which leads the Europeans to colonize large parts of the world. These are those mutations that fuel the curiosity and interest of Europeans for this type of conflict. All this has also been made possible by a goldend age press, which multiplies the aims to inform an increasingly important and diversified readership. During these 10 months of conflict, some of the most prestigious French newspapers sent war reporters to follow and bring back the first sino-japanese war to the readers' lounge. It is these texts and images, along with other newspaper articles, which then reveal the reader's imagination, but also his speculations, his expectation, his astonishment, or even his disgust, felt that this press allows us to seize and study, during the first Sino-Japanese conflict.
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Master Thesis
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Gabriel Roger-Margueritat. Guerre et presse : la première guerre sino-japonaise (1894-1895) vue par la presse française. Histoire. 2019. ⟨dumas-02504114⟩

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