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Master Thesis

Les pouvoirs publics et la police face à l'antimilitarisme et au pacifisme dans l'agglomération lyonnaise (1900-1918) : surveillance et répression des mouvements anarchistes, socialistes et syndicalistes

Abstract : Between 1900 and 1918, the political evolutions of anarchism, socialism and unionism in Lyon led to the emergence of radical antimilitarist and pacifist opinions in the city and its surroundings. Confronted with these changes, the public authorities, and especially the police, had to adapt their discourses and practices to limit the spread of these ideas, in a context of arms race with Germany, and then open warfare. This essay analyzes the way public authorities depicted the various antimilitarist and pacifist movements, as well as the surveillance and repression measures adopted, by making use of many police and prefectoral sources kept in the Departmental Archives of the Rhône. It thus puts in perspective previous studies on antimilitarism and pacifism, which used these sources without taking into account their particular nature. This research highlights several peculiarities in the treatment of these movements by public authorities: a tendency to melt antimilitarist and pacifist ideas into a single "anti-militarism" and "pacifism", attached to revolutionary circles, in order to facilitate repression, as well as to exaggerate the importance of anarchists in local unions, and to exacerbate their dangerousness. After the outbreak of the war, the authorities also proceeded with rhetorical constructions to qualify the "pacifism" of Lyon as dangerous. An analysis of the exchanges between the national and local levels also reveals the development of original control policies by the Rhône prefecture, which, faced with a city deemed rebellious, often had to go further than national policies on the subject. The stakes of the period also led to the rapprochement of the local prefectoral, military and judicial authorities.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02900523
Contributor : Ufr Tt Lyon 2 <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 16, 2020 - 11:10:53 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 13, 2020 - 3:29:44 AM

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Antoine Cintas. Les pouvoirs publics et la police face à l'antimilitarisme et au pacifisme dans l'agglomération lyonnaise (1900-1918) : surveillance et répression des mouvements anarchistes, socialistes et syndicalistes. Histoire. 2020. ⟨dumas-02900523⟩

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