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Master Thesis

Troubles cognitifs chez les patients acouphéniques chroniques : attention et compréhension de la parole

Abstract : Objective: this study seeks to measure in a population of chronic tinnitus patients how many of them have a cognitive complaint through Attention and Performance Self-Assessment (APSA) and to define an objective basis in these patients the link between their complaint and lowered cognitive performance.
Method: 23 chronic tinnitus adult patients followed at the Rothschild Hospital in Paris answered subjective questionnaires on tinnitus: APSA, Tinnitus Handicap Inventory and the Analogical Visual Scale on the discomfort and intensity of tinnitus. They also had validated psychometric tests on auditory and visual attention, executive functions (Pasat, Double task of Baddeley, d2, Stroop, TMT-B) and on speech comprehension in noise (Hein test, VRB test).
Results: 95.6% of chronic tinnitus patients have deficient or pathological performance on at least 1 evaluation criterion either in visual or in auditory modality and 43.5% of patients are affected in both modalities and also in comprehension of speech in noise whatever hearing loss level, while only 39% express a cognitive complaint to the APSA. These results help to show that tinnitus is part of a supermodal functioning and that it has a central component. However, for this population, the APSA does not seem to be a predictive tool for decreases in cognitive performance in tinnitus patients.
Conclusion: chronic tinnitus patients may have attention deficit, speech in noise deficits and could be referred to speech therapy.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02948247
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 3:02:41 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:04:42 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-02948247, version 1

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Caroline de Cibon Utzschneider, Nathalie Louis de Vaulchier. Troubles cognitifs chez les patients acouphéniques chroniques : attention et compréhension de la parole. Sciences cognitives. 2020. ⟨dumas-02948247⟩

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