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Master Thesis

Incubateur et assistance respiratoire : incidence sur les prémices de la communication du nouveau-né prématuré

Abstract : The aim of this study is to observe whether the incubator and respiratory assistance affect the perception of sound stimuli and therefore the early communication skills of the extreme or very premature newborn. This is a descriptive, prospective and cross-sectional study of a cohort of twenty-one parent / newborn dyads. We collected acoustic and videographic data during a moment in the incubator and during a skin-to-skin moment. This study made it possible to highlight that the incubator and the respiratory assistance significantly modify the acoustic parameters of the sound stimuli and significantly impact the sight and the smile. For the other communication skills, the results are not significant. Thus, the baby in his incubator perceives a weaker voice, deeper and muffled by the noise and whose prosody is altered. Newborns with spontaneous breathing or nasal cannula have better early communication skills during skin-to-skin moments and better early communication skills than newborns with CPAP or Infant Flow. For newborns with CPAP or Infant Flow, the interior / exterior difference is not significant but there is a qualitative improvement in the sight and grimaces. The results of this study clearly show the impact of the incubator and respiratory assistance on the perception of sound stimuli and on early communication skills. Therefore they encourage the promotion of skin-to-skin moments to allow communication and exposure to the parental voice in optimal conditions.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02951529
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Submitted on : Monday, September 28, 2020 - 5:08:11 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-02951529, version 1

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Pauline Laurent, Marie Prioleau. Incubateur et assistance respiratoire : incidence sur les prémices de la communication du nouveau-né prématuré. Sciences cognitives. 2020. ⟨dumas-02951529⟩

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