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Master Thesis

Analyse descriptive d'adolescents en crise suicidaire. Harcèlement scolaire : la vulnérabilité interpersonnelle au cœur de la crise ? Étude ancillaire du protocole "Bipolarité-dépression chez l'enfant et l'adolescent suicidant : mieux diagnostiquer pour prévenir la récidive"

Abstract : Introduction: Loss of social connection is strongly involved in adolescent mental health issues, especially in suicidality, which is backed up by studies on social exclusion and the interpersonal theory of suicide. A common occurrence of social exclusion and loss of social connection in adolescent years is bullying (one third of adolescents according to UNESCO), which has potentially severe consequences.
Objectives: This study aims to compare suicide relapse rates between bullied adolescents and non-bullied adolescents as well as highlight some interpersonal vulnerability factors specific to bullying victims.
Methods: This study is based on an initial protocol which was conducted on inpatient adolescent participants who were admitted to a pediatric ward unit for suicidal ideation or attempts at the Children’s Hospital in Nice. It is a prospective and longitudinal study over a 12-month span that includes sociodemographic, clinical, dimensional and diagnostic evaluations.
Results: Description of bullied adolescents upon inclusion showed a statistically significant association between bulling and personal childhood abuse history. Qualitative analysis of adolescents’ and their parents’ viewpoints also revealed several psychological characteristics specific to bullied adolescents such as abandonment issues, low self-esteem and sensitivity to rejection. Although similar to those of non-bullied adolescents, bullied adolescents showed high suicidal relapse rates which seemed to parallel those of adolescents with a history of childhood abuse. Lastly, an unexpected result was the quality of the study adherence on a 12-month span which was twice as high in bullied adolescents as opposed to their non-bullied counterparts.
Discussion: The strong link between bullying and childhood abuse history as well as the observed role of interpersonal factors both lead to several possibilities in suicide treatment and prevention, including those based on maintaining a social connection and those based on interpersonal relationships. Further research on this link between peer victimization and childhood trauma in the general population would help complete this study’s findings.
Document type :
Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02961477
Contributor : Bibliothèque Universitaire de Médecine Nice <>
Submitted on : Thursday, October 8, 2020 - 2:43:24 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 16, 2021 - 3:12:21 AM

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2020NICEM064.pdf
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  • HAL Id : dumas-02961477, version 1

Citation

Cecilia Faurie. Analyse descriptive d'adolescents en crise suicidaire. Harcèlement scolaire : la vulnérabilité interpersonnelle au cœur de la crise ? Étude ancillaire du protocole "Bipolarité-dépression chez l'enfant et l'adolescent suicidant : mieux diagnostiquer pour prévenir la récidive". Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2020. ⟨dumas-02961477⟩

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