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Master Thesis

Outils et appui à l'évaluation mi-parcours de la charte du parc national des Écrins

Abstract : The French government passed a new law about natural sites classified as national parks in 2006. It invited the local elected representatives to participate in defining the park project: a charter. A consultation process was developed in order to establish collectively a charter. This charter can be defined as a territorial roadmap for the park. In the Écrins national park, created in 1973 and situated in the south East of France, the charter was definitely drawn up in 2012. It lasts 15 years. In this charter, the Park and territorial actors lead projects together. On the one hand, the Park has to support municipalities in the implementations of their projects and on the other hand municipalities have to foster long-term ties with the Park, involving it in its future projects. The mid-term evaluation of the charter is going to occur next year in order to ensure that the actions are collectively achieved and determine how it might be better implemented. To ensure external validation of this charter, an annual impact assessment is carried out by an external firm. The first step of the study consisted in an improvement of the process of evaluation. Firstly, I developed analysis tools needed to begin the evaluation. In others words, I carried out a SWOT analysis (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats) of the territory and a diagram which outlines key objectives. Then, I have been working on the proposed evaluation procedure and more precisely on a database. This database contains indicators associated to evaluation questions. The interviews have led me to define new indicators. Moreover, I have collected data necessary to the process of evaluation. In order to do so, I have conducted semi-structured interviews with national Park agents and partner structures (for instance the National Forestry Office). The second step has been the development of technical specifications containing a calendar with priority actions, the results expected by the national Park and planned deliverables. Moreover, I have defined all documents appended to it such as a list of actors in order to give all indispensable documents to the external consultant. Finally, I finished my work with a short analysis of two thematic areas: agriculture and natural sites. I used some indicators and I tried to answer evaluative questions associated. Besides, I put forward propositions regarding the contribution of actors to the process of evaluation.
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Master Thesis
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Aurélie Payan. Outils et appui à l'évaluation mi-parcours de la charte du parc national des Écrins. Biodiversité et Ecologie. 2018. ⟨dumas-02965681⟩

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