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Master Thesis

Vers une écosophie urbaine. Apports comparés de l'écosophie de Arne Næss et de Félix Guattari

Abstract : More than half of the world's population lives in urban areas, a percentage which will reach 70% by 2050. Cities and mega-cities concentrate wealth, generating 80% of global GDP (gross domestic product). They are also the source of more than 70% of greenhouse gas emissions and consume 80% of the world's energy. With regard to climate issues and the recent global health crisis, cities, due to their concentration of residents and their way of life, appear to be vulnerable and failing. With a distanced relationship with nature, they accumulate higher risks and a lower quality of life compared to an ideal represented by the countryside. To counter this caricature, it is crucial to conceive a philosophical approach which questions our relation to the earth and to the living world, that is to say an ecosophy. Ecosophy traces its etymological roots to the ancient Greek wisdom (sophia) of the household (oïkos), and can be understood as a form of ethics to inhabit the earth. The Norwegian philosopher Arne Næss, defined it in 1972 as a "philosophical world-view (system) which observes the diversity of nature as one, perceives humans as fragments of nature and which broadens the norms of natural justice to apply them to all nature". The psychiatrist and philosopher Félix Guattari, friend of Gilles Deleuze, takes up this same notion in 1989 without referring to Næss. For Guattari, ecosophy is "the ethical-political articulation between the three ecological registers: the environment, social relations and human subjectivity”. Applied to the urban field, ecosophy makes it possible to reconcile two areas of philosophy which have remained separate; environmental and ecological philosophy on the one hand, and that which examines the city on the other. Urban ecosophy is both a framework for theoretical thought, but also a philosophy of action rooted in praxis. Reflecting on the urban phenomenon through the ecosophical gaze of Næss and Guattari allows us to renew our view on the city and its current challenges.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02971851
Contributor : Urca - Bibliothèque Universitaire <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 19, 2020 - 6:14:45 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 22, 2020 - 3:10:30 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, January 20, 2021 - 7:25:36 PM

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Dominique Sellier. Vers une écosophie urbaine. Apports comparés de l'écosophie de Arne Næss et de Félix Guattari. Philosophie. 2020. ⟨dumas-02971851⟩

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