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Master Thesis

Épidémie de rougeole et plan de vaccination de masse, place d’une structure adaptée : l’unité de décontamination hospitalière fixe

Abstract : Introduction: measles is a highly contagious viral disease responsible for serious and even fatal complications. Insufficient vaccination coverage was the cause of a measles epidemic in France between 2017 and 2018. This epidemic affected a population of students and nursing staff at the Pellegrin hospital at Bordeaux University Hospital. Goals: the main objective of this study is to compare the immunity status against measles of staff working in Adult and Pediatric Emergencies, maternity and SMIT at Pellegrin Hospital between October 1st, 2017 and February 15th, 2019. Method: a retrospective observational and analytical cross-sectional study was carried out based on professional measles immunity data, collected from the SST Chimed computer tool. Results: on October 1st, 2017, the measles protection of 608 professionals was analyzed; it was known to 313 caregivers. 79% of professionals were immune. On February 15th, 2019, the immune status of 360 caregivers was known, out of 612 in total. 87% were protected against measles. Discussion: protection against measles for healthcare professionals has improved following the 2018 epidemic, however vaccination coverage does not reach the 95% required to eliminate measles. Mass vaccination of the French population would be necessary in order to achieve this objective. Fixed hospital decontamination unit was created to respond to exceptional health situations such as epidemic or pandemic. This allows to mobilize professionals and carry out mass vaccination.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02982712
Contributor : Bu Carreire Université de Bordeaux <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 28, 2020 - 6:02:57 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 14, 2020 - 3:11:00 AM

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Marion Labarrère. Épidémie de rougeole et plan de vaccination de masse, place d’une structure adaptée : l’unité de décontamination hospitalière fixe. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2020. ⟨dumas-02982712⟩

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