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Master Thesis

Mise en œuvre d'un plan organisationnel pédiatrique adapté aux épidémies de bronchiolite

Abstract : Background: acute bronchiolitis epidemics are known to destabilize healthcare structures and stand as a major public health issue. Our tertiary care regional university hospital designed an organizational infrastructure pediatric plan (OIPP) to adapt to bronchiolitis epidemics. This study aimed to assess the impact of the OIPP on the length of stay and quality of care of children hospitalized for bronchiolitis. Methods: this epidemiological study analyzed data from 2 epidemic seasons before and after the OIPP implementation. The OIPP used a standardized algorithm of patient orientation and a 4-level stratification of care. Results: a total of 1636 children were included in the study, with 718 children before and 918 children after the OIPP implementation. Patients’ characteristics were similar between the 2 periods. The length of stay significantly decreased after the OIPP implementation, from 5.1 ± 6.8 days to 3.9 ± 3 days (P<0.001). The number of unit transfers per patient and per hospitalization moderately increased from 1.2 ± 0.7 to 1.3 ± 0.7 (P<0.01). The 30-day readmission for bronchiolitis remained stable (4.6% vs. 3.4%, P=0.2). The net annual patient service revenue increased from 1 292 532 € to 1 545 720 €. Conclusion: the implementation of the OIPP resulted in a significant decrease in the average hospital length of stay. Using a standardized algorithm of patient orientation and a 4-level stratification of care, this plan improved patients’ quality of care while maintained a balanced budget.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-02985870
Contributor : Scd Université de Montpellier <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 2, 2020 - 3:15:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 16, 2021 - 3:32:53 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-02985870, version 1

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David Lavilledieu. Mise en œuvre d'un plan organisationnel pédiatrique adapté aux épidémies de bronchiolite. Human health and pathology. 2018. ⟨dumas-02985870⟩

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