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Master Thesis

Effets des laits artificiels supplémentés par des prébiotiques et/ou des probiotiques sur la santé des nourrissons

Abstract : Introduction: Breastfeeding, because of the composition of humain milk, is recommended until six months of the child by the WHO. However, there has been a decrease of exclusive breastfeeding. New artificial milks appear, with a composition trying to get as close as possible to breast milk. Objective: The objective is to identify the effects of prebiotic and / or probiotic supplements in fomula-fed on the health of infants Methods: Studies comparing groups of formula fed infants to formula fed infants supplemented with prebiotics and / or probiotics were selected from databases (PubMed, Cochrane, Google Scholar) Results: The growth and tolerance studies did not show any significant difference. A decrease in colic and crying is nevertheless reported. A large part of the studies show an improvement in the transit, by the modification of the intestinal flora, less constipation and infectious diarrhea. They also demonstrate an improvement in immunity and a decrease in allergies in children formula fed supplemented with probiotics and/or prebiotics. Conclusion: The effects of milk supplemented with prebiotics are beneficial for the immune system, on the onset of allergies. There are no observed effects on growth and the appearance of side effects. Milks supplemented with probiotics and / or probiotics therefore have beneficial effects compared to standard milk and have no side effects.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 4, 2020 - 4:08:01 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, November 7, 2020 - 3:25:48 AM
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Sara Djoudi. Effets des laits artificiels supplémentés par des prébiotiques et/ou des probiotiques sur la santé des nourrissons. Gynécologie et obstétrique. 2020. ⟨dumas-02988273⟩



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