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Master Thesis

Sensibilisation des usagers à la résistance bactérienne et au bon usage des antibiotiques

Abstract : Background: the development of antimicrobial resistance to antibiotics is a major public health concern that could become one of the leading causes of death in the world at 2050 horizon. The aim of our study was to enhance user’s awareness of the appropriate antibiotic use by explaining antimicrobial resistance, gut microbiota, the bacterium-environment link and the reminder of good practices. Materials and methods: we conducted a quantitative, transversal, descriptive study, from November 2018 to February 2019 in France. Recruitment of participants on Facebook, by email address and by paper form. Inclusion of users over 15 year-old, speaking french and answering a survey before and after written information. Comparison of the initial knowledge (average score before information) with the average score after information. Results: a total of 569 users were included in this study, of whom 83% were women. 32% of the participants used an antibiotic at least once a year. The mean score increased from 14.5/22 (standard deviation: 3.2) before information, to 16.9/22 (standard deviation: 3.5) after information (p <0.001). The mean percentage of correct responses concerning bacterial resistance increased from 56.9% (standard deviation: 12.6%) before information, to 65.9% (standard deviation: 21.2%) after information (p <0.001). The mean correct initial response about gut microbiota was 93%. Conclusion: the information about bacterial resistance, common health and appropriate antibiotic use can raise user's awareness. On the other hand, users seem already aware to the questions of gut microbiota.
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Master Thesis
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Contributor : Université Paris Descartes - Scd <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 9, 2020 - 4:57:11 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 17, 2021 - 3:19:24 AM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-02996619, version 1


Félix Grimaud. Sensibilisation des usagers à la résistance bactérienne et au bon usage des antibiotiques. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2019. ⟨dumas-02996619⟩



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