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Master Thesis

Influence du genre dans la conduite d’exploitation agricole

Abstract : According to the MSA, women represent 27.4% of non-salaried agricultural workers and 24.2% of heads of farms or agricultural enterprises. Agriculture remains a predominantly male sector, where women farmers struggle to find their place. Their profile makes them less eligible to receive subsidies, they are less trained and victims of persistent stereotypes. Consequently, their farm management often differs from that of men. Numerous studies have quantified these differences, but without going beyond a comparison of means. This thesis aims to deepen the analysis, using an econometric approach. After a phase of descriptive statistics, binary and multinomial logistic regressions were carried out on the R software. A first model showed that all the selected variables were significant in explaining the difference between women and men. We can cite, for example, the age of installation, the percentage of transfers between spouses and the percentage of contributors exercising an agrotourism activity, which are higher for women, and on the other hand the area, the agricultural profit and the number of salaried employees, higher among men. Then, more precise farmer profiles were drawn up. First of all, we tried to differentiate non-solidarity contributors from those in solidarity, but only a few variables were found to be significant (including area or professional income). On the contrary, the disparities were very marked between women farmers in individual farms and those in GAEC, EARL or others, as well as between those in market gardening and floriculture and those in field crops or in dairy cattle breeding. Despite some limitations, this thesis therefore confirms the hypotheses from the literature.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03001665
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 12, 2020 - 2:30:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 12, 2021 - 3:11:10 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03001665, version 1

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Coline Vigot. Influence du genre dans la conduite d’exploitation agricole. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2020. ⟨dumas-03001665⟩

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