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Master Thesis

La tendinopathie patellaire du sportif de haut niveau et ses facteurs de risque : une revue de littérature

Abstract : Patellar tendinopathy has a high prevalence among high level athletes practicing repetitive jumping sports. It has an impact on the athlete's performance, to the point of causing him to stop his career. Knowledge of the risk factors can help to reduce this impact. Method : in order to identify all the risk factors for patellar tendinopathy in elite athletes, a non-systematic review of the literature was carried out. The PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, and Cochrane databases were queried on February 12, 2020. Results : out of 261 articles analyzed, 7 articles were included (5 prospective cohort studies and 2 cross-sectional studies) for a total of 747 subjects. These studies focused onintrinsic, extrinsic, modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. The potential risk factors were: male gender, history of knee injury or ankle sprain, high jumping, participation in a sport with a jumping component, presence of a pathological tendon at baseline imaging, hypoextension of the quadriceps, lack of ankle dorsiflexion range of motionand exposure to high volume training andmatches. Results were mixed regarding quadriceps strength and jump landing technique. Conclusion : the results should be taken with caution as the subjects of the included studies were mostly young players, the risk factors werenot specific to the practice of a particular sport and the maximum level of evidence was2.However, the Physiotherapist can base his preventive medical careon these data.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03019131
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Submitted on : Monday, November 23, 2020 - 11:29:45 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 7:54:24 AM

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Audran Thebault. La tendinopathie patellaire du sportif de haut niveau et ses facteurs de risque : une revue de littérature. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2020. ⟨dumas-03019131⟩

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