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Master Thesis

Efficacité des outils de prévention primaire des violences sexuelles au cours des études supérieures : revue systématique de littérature

Abstract : Background : Sexual violence is highly prevalent at universities, particularly in medical schools. Prevention efforts are increasing but they seem currently insufficient. Objectives : Make an inventory of the tools for primary prevention of sexual violence in higher education, with regard to the best level of effectiveness defined by the World Health Organization, i.e. enabling a reduction in victimization. Determine the most effective tools. Method : Systematic review of the literature about the effectiveness of tools for primary prevention of sexual violence in higher education, published until June 2020. Exclusion of qualitative studies. Research conducted in three databases (PUBMED, EMBASE, PSYCINFO). Results : Inclusion of 33 articles among 2741 selected articles, corresponding to the analysis of 26 prevention tools. There are no European studies and only four studies were carried out in medical schools. The prevention of sexual violence is mainly done at individual level and secondarily at community level, by combating sexual harassment and misuse of alcohol. Multiple interventions, of longer duration, carried out by a specialized facilitator seem to be the most effective tool. Mentioning the topic of sexuality and providing interventions in the form of motivational interviewing and personalized feedback would help to reduce the prevalence of sexual violence. Conclusion : Tools devoted to the prevention of sexual violence have demonstrated their effectiveness and should be implemented and evaluated in French universities.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03019413
Contributor : La Réunion Université <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 23, 2020 - 12:56:04 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 26, 2020 - 3:30:26 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, February 24, 2021 - 7:09:48 PM

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Marine Picard. Efficacité des outils de prévention primaire des violences sexuelles au cours des études supérieures : revue systématique de littérature. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2020. ⟨dumas-03019413⟩

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