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Master Thesis

Effets du « high-intensity interval training » sur le contrôle glycémique et les paramètres cardio-respiratoires des patients diabétiques de type 2 : revue de littérature

Abstract : Type 2 diabetes is a biologic, societal and economic burden. Thus, research on the most efficient exercice modality is essential for the physiotherapist to reduce morbidity and mortality in this population. Aims. The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) compared with moderateintensity continuous training (MICT) on glycemic control and cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Methods. A systematic literature search was perfomed on electronic databases PubMed (MEDLINE), Cochrane Library, Scopus and PEDro during March 2020. Articles were included based upon the following criteria: HIIT was compared with MICT on adults participants who were clinically diagnosed with T2D, outcomes that included glycemic control (hemoglobin A1c, insulin resistance HOMA-IR), cardiometabolic risk factors (Body Mass Index, waist circumference, blood pressure, blood lipid profile), cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max) were mesured at baseline and post-intervention. The risk of bias was defined by CONSORT 2010 statement. Results. A total of 8 trials involving 279 patients were included in our study. HIIT induced a significant increase in VO2max compared with MICT. Regarding changes in HbA1c and BMI of patients, HIIT showed a tendancy of a greater improvement than MICT. No significant differences were found between this two exercice modalities considering the outcomes insulin resistance, anthropometric parameters, blood pressure and lipid control. Conclusions. The results of this review suggest that HIIT is a therapy with at least equivalent benefit to MICT and may induced more positive effects in patients with T2D. HIIT is a time-efficient strategy and should be considered by physiotherapists when prescribing exercise interventions for people living with type 2 diabetes.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03019758
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Submitted on : Monday, November 23, 2020 - 3:09:30 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 7:53:52 AM

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Tiphaine Plessis. Effets du « high-intensity interval training » sur le contrôle glycémique et les paramètres cardio-respiratoires des patients diabétiques de type 2 : revue de littérature. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2020. ⟨dumas-03019758⟩

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