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Master Thesis

L’ergothérapie auprès des personnes sans domicile : une nouvelle perspective pour l’ergothérapie

Abstract : Introduction: According to the World Health Organization,participation in occupations has a positive influence on human health and well-being. Homeless people are at risk of being restricted in their occupational participation. In France, the lack of studies on this issue has been hampering the development of occupational therapy in this field. Using the Model of Human Occupation, this study aimed to explore the occupational participation of homeless people during their pathway, current occupational therapy practices and development prospects for occupational therapy. Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight peer workers and four occupational therapists. A verbatim analysis was then carried out to highlight the main themes. Results: The majority of participants reported that homeless people mainly engaged in occupations that enabled them to meet their physiological needs, gain money, have social interactions with their peers and fill the rest of their days. However, homeless people lacked meaning and pleasure in their daily life and in their occupations. Low motivation, low self-esteem, the lack of goals, the loss of roles and the environment acted as a constraint on occupational participation. Using a community approach and their expertise,occupational therapists can create environments and opportunities that facilitate occupational participation of homeless people. Conclusion: Similar results have been highlighted in foreign studies. Homeless people may have difficulty in participating in meaningful occupations. Occupational therapists can have a relevant role with this population.These results raise the questions of the inclusion of occupational therapists into support systems and of the funding of these occupational therapy services. In addition, the roles of the occupational therapist with this population could be included in the curriculum of occupational therapy students in order to raise awareness among current and future occupational therapists.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03066809
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 15, 2020 - 2:17:56 PM
Last modification on : Monday, February 22, 2021 - 9:16:02 AM
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Océane Phanatzis. L’ergothérapie auprès des personnes sans domicile : une nouvelle perspective pour l’ergothérapie. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2020. ⟨dumas-03066809⟩

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