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Master Thesis

Le plantain dans l’alimentation des chèvres au pâturage : effets sur leurs performances zootechniques et leur santé

Abstract : In a context of price volatility and low food autonomy of goat farmers, grazing may take on a more important role in goat feeding. Plantain lanceolate is a plant reputed to be rich in minerals and proteins, resistant and easy to grow. It contains iridoids, bioactive compounds with anti-inflammatory properties. According to some studies, it allows a gain of weight in lambs and a decrease in gastrointestinal parasites in sheep. The trial carried out in Patuchev gave a first idea of the effects of plantain in the feed of dairy goats on their zootechnical performances and health, a study never before carried out. According to the results of the experiment, the total nitrogen content is lower than in multispecies grassland: 9.2% of DM compared to 14.5% for PME. Plantain causes a drop in milk (-14%) and a drop in urea (-15%). Plantain did not improve animal health: weight and body condition score remain the same. There was no effect on gastrointestinal parasitism. These results can be explained by the quality of the plantain grasslands, reflecting a probable nitrogen deficiency. The quantity available may have been misestimated, as plantain is difficult to collect and little is known about it. The goats were not parasitized at the beginning of the experiment, which could not show an effect of plantain on gastrointestinal strongles.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03102274
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 7, 2021 - 2:47:34 PM
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Oriane Robinne. Le plantain dans l’alimentation des chèvres au pâturage : effets sur leurs performances zootechniques et leur santé. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2020. ⟨dumas-03102274⟩

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