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Master Thesis

Évaluation de la proprioception du genou après chirurgie du ligament croisé antérieur et de son impact dans la reprise des activités physiques et sportives

Abstract : The rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament is a frequent athletes’s injury. It has multiple consequences on the knee: instability, pain, loss of muscle strength, proprioceptive deficit, modification of the kinematics of the knee and the development of gonarthrosis in the long term. In athletes, the majority of these injuries are treated surgically by ligamentoplasty. The main objective of this treatment is to reduce the instability of the knee in order to allow the return to sport, and this at the same level before the injury. Thus, the follow-up of the athlete after surgery is essential in order to guide the return to sport and to ensure that the sensorimotor capacities allow the return to sport. Currently, this evaluation is essentially based on functional field tests and the measurement of muscle strength. We propose to prospectively study the evolution of knee proprioception quantified instrumentally on an isokinetic dynamometer after ACL ligamentoplasty as well as a study of the factors associated with its favorable evolution and its impact on sports recovery. With these data we will be able to evaluate the interest of the instrumental isokinetic evaluation of the proprioception of the knee after ACL ligamentoplasty in order to improve the rehabilitation of the athlete after this surgery, in order to allow a return to sport in the best possible conditions. This study will include 30 athletes with an ACL tear, and treated by ligamentoplasty and 20 healthy volunteer athletic individuals.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03172088
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 17, 2021 - 2:29:06 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 8, 2021 - 3:32:36 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03172088, version 1

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Marine Rolland. Évaluation de la proprioception du genou après chirurgie du ligament croisé antérieur et de son impact dans la reprise des activités physiques et sportives. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2020. ⟨dumas-03172088⟩

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