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Master Thesis

Enquête sur la connaissance des anti-inflammatoires non stéroïdiens consommés en automédication menée auprès de 203 patients reçus au Service de consultation générale de l’Hôpital de l’Université d’État d’Haïti au cours du mois de septembre 2019

Abstract : Introduction: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most widely used self-medication medicines worldwide. Yet these drugs have many side effects. We wanted to know if self-medication NSAID users have a good knowledge of these drugs. International literature has revealed that people have poor knowledge of NSAIDs. We have not found any studies on the issue in Haiti. Our main objective was to assess the level of knowledge of the population on NSAIDs consumed in self-medication. Secondarily, we wanted to determine the sources, the motives and the comorbidity of self-medication with NSAIDs. Method: It was a descriptive and cross-sectional study. We distributed questionnaires to patients received at the General Consultation Service of the Hospital of the State University of Haiti (W.I) during the month of September 2019. Results and Discussions: We included 203 patients. The mean age of the population was 34.01 ± 14.625 years old. The participants consumed mainly ibuprofen (75.36%), diclofenac (67.48%), aspirin (32.51%) and naproxen (23.34%). The level of knowledge of the patients was low: 2.11/11 points. Only 4.9% of participants knew that NSAIDs should be taken during meals. Only 43.8% knew that two NSAIDs should not be combined. As for side effects, 30% of participants knew that NSAIDs could cause epigastralgia, 9.4% knew for pimples and urticaria, 24% for allergies, 17.2% for peptic ulcers, 13.3% for digestive bleeds, 19.2 % for kidney toxicity, 16.7% for cardiovascular risks, 18.2% for drug interactions and 15.8% for complications of infection. In addition, 21.67% of patients had at least one of these comorbid conditions questioning the use of NSAIDs: diabetes, hypertension, nicotinism, heart disease, renal diseases, gastroduodenal ulcer and cholesterol problems. The knowledge score in this subgroup is 1.52 / 11 points. Patients resorted to self-medication especially on the advice of a close one. Pharmacies and street vendors of medicines followed as main sources of self-medication. Patients made the choice of self-medication mainly because of the non-gravity of their symptoms, the lack of economic means and the weaknesses of the health services. The results show the need to implement therapeutic education strategies, to improve the socio-economic conditions of the population as well as the mechanisms for controlling the circulation of medicines.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03185838
Contributor : Faculté de Médecine Pharmacie Ueh Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 30, 2021 - 4:20:49 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 31, 2021 - 3:13:50 AM

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Guilliano Alténor. Enquête sur la connaissance des anti-inflammatoires non stéroïdiens consommés en automédication menée auprès de 203 patients reçus au Service de consultation générale de l’Hôpital de l’Université d’État d’Haïti au cours du mois de septembre 2019. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2020. ⟨dumas-03185838⟩

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