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Master Thesis

Analyse exploratoire des déterminants de rétractation d’articles scientifiques : l’exemple de la Covid-19

Abstract : Background: the overall increase in the number of articles during the Covid-19 pandemic was coupled with an increase in the number of retractions. Several hypotheses can be considered to explain this: the demand for rapid scientific advances, the development of new publication methods (preprints, Open Access…), and the publish or perish pressure caused by the evaluation system of researchers. To be able to detect poor quality articles and prevent breaches of scientific integrity, it is necessary to know its determinants. Methods: a conceptual review of the literature was conducted using Retraction Watch and the Google Scholar and PubMed bibliographic databases to identify relevant analysis criteria related to articles, authors, and journals; an exploratory case-control study was then conducted comparing all retracted Covid-19 articles published from January 2020 to February 2021 and identified by Retraction Watch with non-retracted articles randomly drawn from the PubMed database and matched on publication period. Results: sixty-five retracted articles were analysed. Being pre-published (OR = 17.3; 95% CI = 4.8 to 111.1), having been commented on PubPeer or on the pre-publication server (p < 0.001) or having a high alternative impact measure (p < 0.001) were among the variables significantly associated with retraction. Conclusion: this study needs further investigation to complement these preliminary results.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 7, 2021 - 3:33:40 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 8, 2021 - 3:16:00 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, September 8, 2021 - 7:07:27 PM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-03252180, version 1



Hélène Lepetit. Analyse exploratoire des déterminants de rétractation d’articles scientifiques : l’exemple de la Covid-19. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2021. ⟨dumas-03252180⟩



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