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Master Thesis

État bucco-dentaire des personnes âgées résidant en établissements d'hébergement pour personnes âgées dépendantes en Nouvelle-Aquitaine, situation en 2019

Abstract : Background. People over 85 years old represent 3% of French population. Studies report a poor oral hygiene in these people. Objective. To determine the oral health status in the institutionalized elderly in Nouvelle-Aquitaine on 2019. Method. A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2018 to June 2019 in the institutionalized elderly in 36 nursing homes, in Nouvelle-Aquitaine. Principals clinical data, including age, sex, Automonie-gérotonlogie-groupe iso- ressource (AGGIR) scale, hygiene habits, diet, removable denture, Decay-missing-filled teeth (DMFT) scale, and the need of dental care, were collected by PhD students of Bordeaux University. Results. Analysis were conducted among 1419 residents (71.3% of women) with a mean age of 87.0 (+/- 4.4). The mean DMFT score was 20,9 (+/-7.0), Decay-Teeth=2.7 (+/-4.3), Missing-Teeth=14.1 (+/-9.4) and Filing-Teeth=4.0 (+/-4.7). Over 50% of the participants had at least one decayed tooth. The mean of posteriors functional units was 2.2 (+/-2.7), 81,1% of participants were partially edentulous and 15.6% were totally edentulous. 1134 (87,1%) of participants needed dental cares, 56.9 % of participants needed scaling, 33.9% required caries care, 38.1% needed teeth extractions and 43.9% prosthodontics. Conclusion. Our study highlights a poor oral health in the institutionalized elderly. It shows an important need of dental cares and that an improvement in oral care methods in nursing homes is necessary.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03276808
Contributor : Frédérique Gambade <>
Submitted on : Friday, July 2, 2021 - 2:07:11 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 9, 2021 - 3:48:02 AM

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Thomas Droeghmans. État bucco-dentaire des personnes âgées résidant en établissements d'hébergement pour personnes âgées dépendantes en Nouvelle-Aquitaine, situation en 2019. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2021. ⟨dumas-03276808⟩

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