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Master Thesis

Vécu du traumatisme vicariant chez les professionnels de la « Maison d’Ella » à Bordeaux ; structure pluridisciplinaire travaillant auprès des femmes victimes de violences

Abstract : Background: caring for the victims of violence represents a major public health prevention axis. Numerous recommendations, including the one from the Haute Autorité de Santé (HAS) in 2019, encourages health professionals to systematically detect the violence. Nevertheless, little attention is yet to be paid to the possible consequences of this screening on the professionals: the vicarious trauma, the compassion fatigue or the secondary traumatic stress. Objectives: the main objective of this study is to explore the vicarious trauma endured by the professionals who work in a multidisciplinary structure with women victims of violence, as well as the benefits of working in a multidisciplinary structure to prevent it. Material and method: during the course of the year 2020, semi-directed interviews have been conducted with professionals working at “Maison d’Ella” in Bordeaux. After obtaining their consent, the interviews have been entirely recorded and transcribed. The verbatim record has then been double coded and analyzed through grounded theory. Results: the healthcare professionals have all reported the fact that their work with victims of violence has had an impact on them on the personal, interpersonal and professional level. On the personal level, it was a source of negative emotions, psychosomatic consequences, or even sleeping disorders or exhaustion, with sometimes a cognitive impact through a modification of their thinking patterns. On the interpersonal level, they highlighted a modified relation to men, a modification of their view of the world and of their sexuality, as well as of their relationships with others. Professionally, it led them to question their role as professionals or to adapt their practice. Some emphasized positive repercussions which led to satisfaction and thriving in their professional lives. The healthcare professionals specified that some factors could be protective or aggravating, and working in a multidisciplinary structure seemed to be able to limit this vicarious impact. Conclusion: the vicarious impact seems to affect every professional working with victims of violence. Awareness of the concept, coordinating work, interprofessional support and diversification of the activities are to be promoted to limit the impact.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 6, 2021 - 4:03:52 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 9, 2021 - 3:48:02 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, October 7, 2021 - 6:57:09 PM


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Marie Duffieux. Vécu du traumatisme vicariant chez les professionnels de la « Maison d’Ella » à Bordeaux ; structure pluridisciplinaire travaillant auprès des femmes victimes de violences. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03279647⟩



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