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Master Thesis

Évaluation des dysphagies et aspects nutritionnels pour la rehabilitation orthophonique adulte : revue de litterature

Abstract : Aims : Dysphagia is a symptomatology frequently encountered in speech therapy rehabilitation in adults. For years, the authors have published tools to identify aspiration risks in these patients. What is the most relevant tool to use? To answer this question, we conducted a systematic review of the literature in order to establish an inventory of existing assessments and to create a questionnaire to correlate the results found with the clinic.
Methods : This review of the literature contains ten articles published between 1992 and 2019 studying the assessment of swallowing disorders in adults. The PubMed, Science Direct, ASHA, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases were used. We also created a questionnaire for speech-language pathologists to find out their practices and their needs in this area.
Results : Studies show that the assessment of dysphagia is dependent on the field of expertise. In neurology, GUSS screening achieves the best sensitivity. In ENT, two existing tests have been adapted to patients' treatments. In geriatrics, the literature shows that it is possible to use existing tools taking into account age-related particularities. Quality of life should not be neglected. Finally, speech language pathologists use few standardized tools.
Conclusion : The clinical tools have been shown to be effective on a wide range of pathologies. Quality of life and nutrition must be taken into account. Speech-language pathologists would like to benefit from objective imaging when possible.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 14, 2021 - 10:26:06 AM
Last modification on : Monday, January 10, 2022 - 1:35:09 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, December 15, 2021 - 6:15:25 PM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-03343359, version 1


Agnès Trocquet. Évaluation des dysphagies et aspects nutritionnels pour la rehabilitation orthophonique adulte : revue de litterature. Sciences cognitives. 2021. ⟨dumas-03343359⟩



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