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Master Thesis

La pensée révolutionnaire de Dai Jitao et le Japon

Abstract : Dai Jitao 戴季陶 (1891-1949) was a journalist and politician of the first half of the twentieth century, the leading theoretician of the Nationalist Party, the Kuomintang 國民黨. Since his death in 1949, he has been a very controversial figure in China. His thought will have long been either left out or sharply criticized in mainland China, during the Maoist era, through the term "Dai Jitao-ism" (戴季陶 主義Dai Jitao zhuyi) to refer to his misinterpretation of Sun Yat-sen's thought and the "Three Principles of the People". This Master thesis focuses primarily on Dai Jitao's experience, on analyzing his experiences as a Chinese student who returned from Japan and became a journalist and a revolutionary political theorist, in order to provide a possible interpretation of modernity from the perspective of China from the early 1910s to the late 1920s. This work takes the form of a biographical and intellectual study of Dai Jitao's character, in which we reconstruct the gradual evolution of his thought between 1910, when he began his career as a journalist, and 1928, the year marked by the publication of his famous work of Riben Lun 日本論(Essay on Japan). This thesis presents a selection of passages, translated and analyzed, from articles and essays published by Dai Jitao between 1910 and 1928, mainly extracted from the compilation work of Dai Jitao Ji (Tang Wenquan and Sang Bing of 1990), then from the Foundations of Sun-yatsenism published in 1925 by Dai himself, devoted to the theorization of Sun Yat-sen's revolutionary project, erected as an heir to Confucius, and from the 2014 edition of the Riben Lun about the theorization of Japanese morals, thought and politics. This thesis is organized into three chronological chapters. The first chapter, titled "Contextual Introduction : the Formation of Dai Jitao's Thought before the Xinhai Revolution (1905-1914)", is dedicated to introducing the figure and contextualizing the formation of his thought in his youth. The second chapter, entitled "Dai Jitao's thought and his adherence to the revolutionary project of the Kuomintang during the civil war (1913-1925)", is meant to re-establish a chronology of Dai Jitao's different ideological positions starting from his meeting with Sun Yat-sen in 1913. In the final chapter, "Dai Jitao's Evolution of Thought in the Face of Fascist Nationalism and Japanese Expansionism (1913-1928)", we explore the factors that led to his episode of "disillusionment" when Japan went on the offensive, as well as how Dai Jitao recovered from the death of Sun Yat-sen, the end of his dream of pan-Asianism, in order to respond to the threats of the Western colonial powers and the Japanese imperialists. By attempting to clarify Dai Jitao's ideological development from the beginning of his career as a journalist chronicler in 1910, to his culmination as the Kuomintang's leading theoretician and politician, when he published his most notable work Riben Lun in 1928, we identify his political positions and actions. We also try to identify the strong moments of his life that caused him several political reversals. Dai Jitao, admiring the spirit of resistance of the Japanese political and intellectual sphere of Meiji, seeks to recreate a similar essence to stimulate the Chinese people and provoke in them a feeling of unity and belonging to the same Chinese nation. This is the guocui 國粹, the national essence that Dai Jitao takes from the Japanese essence (known as kokusui), to carry out the mission of the Kuomintang, which he had recognized in the modernist Confucian thought of Sun Yat-sen and whose analysis we begin in this thesis.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03436850
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Submitted on : Friday, November 19, 2021 - 3:20:59 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 5, 2022 - 3:11:43 AM

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Maëlle Schmitt. La pensée révolutionnaire de Dai Jitao et le Japon. Science politique. 2021. ⟨dumas-03436850⟩

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