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Master Thesis

Effets de différents types d'activité physique sur les principaux symptômes des patients atteints de fibromyalgie

Abstract : Background. Fibromyalgia is a pathology that affects around 2.2% of the French population, particularly women. Physical activity is mentioned as the first-line treatment. Aim. The purpose of this study is to compare the efficiency of three types of PA (aerobic exercise, strengthening and stretching) on the main symptoms of these patients. Méthod. A literature review was performed. PubMed, Cochrane, Scopus and Pedro databases were searched until 27 March 2020. The included articles were to measure the effect of an intervention of one of the 3 types of PA on the following variables: Pain, quality of life, physical function, fatigue, stiffness. The methodological quality of the articles was measured by the PEDro grid. Results. 8 trials were included with a total of 520 patients. Aerobic exercise showed the best results in reducing pain and quality of life. Strengthening exercises were most effective in reducing fatigue and stretching in reducing stiffness. The lack of data didn't allow us to demonstrate the superiority of one type of exercise to improve physical function. Conclusion. The results of this review show that for each symptom, one type of PA is likely to offer better results. In practice, it's possible to propose a PA treatment adapted to the patient's symptomatology.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03479381
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 14, 2021 - 12:08:34 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, February 12, 2022 - 3:16:04 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, March 15, 2022 - 6:52:29 PM

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Anthony Le Corre. Effets de différents types d'activité physique sur les principaux symptômes des patients atteints de fibromyalgie. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2021. ⟨dumas-03479381⟩

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