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Master Thesis

Des outils pour développer les compétences narratives à l’école maternelle

Abstract : Understanding a text is a fundamental matter from kindergarten. Much research has enlightened the strong link between narration and understanding. However, narration is an intricate process which requires applying numerous skills which will serve the comprehension. Thus, the pupils can deal with various difficulties. To overcome those obstacles, different tools have emerged such as Narramus’s approach or Oralbum’s mechanism. The testing presented in this thesis aimed at trying each mechanism during kindergarten class in order to identify which one enables better the development of the pupil’s narrative skills for the purpose of improving the understanding of the books read. Therefore, what is the most relevant tool to develop kindergarten pupil’s narrative skills? To that end, a first album was used to support a pre-test to determine the original level of the pupils. This same album has been re-used for the final evaluation in order to enlighten the progress. Between those two evaluations, each pupil studied an album with the tool Narramus, another with Oralbum and the last combined both mechanisms. The pupil’s comprehension evaluation was done through individual meeting in which the pupils did a story reminder, the teacher using as support a grid with clearly defined observables. Thereby, according to the data collected, Narramus have contributed to a better understanding of the texts with a better realization of inferences and a greater memorization of the chronology of the story. However, it is the combination of both tools which allows an optimal development of the different narrative skills, and which thus allows to promote the comprehension of narrative in kindergarten.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 9:33:41 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, January 8, 2022 - 3:21:29 AM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-03509243, version 1


Laureen Martinet. Des outils pour développer les compétences narratives à l’école maternelle. Education. 2021. ⟨dumas-03509243⟩



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