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Master Thesis

Attitude des personnes à l’égard des risques pour leur santé : traduction et adaptation culturelle de l’anglais au français de l’auto-questionnaire « Health Risk Attitude Scale »

Abstract : Background: risk is a multidisciplinary concept covered in multiple research fields, and increasingly explored in the medical field. The influence of risk attitude as a determining factor in decision-making is of growing interest to researchers, as it can be involved, among other things, in the context of public health (healthcare utilization, vaccination), therapeutics (choice, compliance twith treatment), lifestyle (diet, alcohol, tobacco, etc.), doctor/patient communication. Based on this observation, we decided to conduct a study on the asessment of attitudes towards health risk in general practice. Therefore we looked at whether a risk assessment scale already existed in this field and had already been translated into French. Through a literature review, we found the HRAS : Health Risk Attitude Scale, which is a Dutch scale with good psychometric qualities, and a version of which has already been translated into English but not yet into French. The objective of this thesis was to make a translation and a cultural adaption of this tool. Method: we carried out a translation and cultural adaptation of the English version of the HRAS scale using the forward-backward method, which serves as the "gold standard" in the international scientific literature. Results: following the various stages of translation and three expert committees, several difficulties were identified which led to changes in the initial translations. In total, 5 items were modified. As recommended in the translation process, the committee has sometimes made the choice to move away from a literal translation of the original version for the sake of understanding and cultural adaptation. Conclusion: we obtained a French translation of the HRAS, whose psychometric properties will have to be tested to verify that they are comparable to those of the original version, before a wider diffusion and use in other studies. The retention of some problematic items in the final version will have to be assessed during the psychometric validation process that will be carried out in a second thesis work.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03512026
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 5, 2022 - 11:16:38 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, January 8, 2022 - 3:42:00 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 6, 2022 - 6:56:22 PM

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Gaëlle Durbecq-Lepotier. Attitude des personnes à l’égard des risques pour leur santé : traduction et adaptation culturelle de l’anglais au français de l’auto-questionnaire « Health Risk Attitude Scale ». Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03512026⟩

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