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Master Thesis

Troubles musculo-squelettiques du chirurgien-dentiste : étude à travers l'exemple des étudiants de la Faculté d'Odontologie d'Aix-Marseille Université

Abstract : According to the French Institut de Veille Sanitaire (Agence nationale de santé publique or “Santé Publique France” since 2016), musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are “a group of periarticular diseases affecting the soft tissues (muscles, tendons, nerves, vessels, cartilages) of the limbs and the back”. These multifactorial pathologies, whose main clinical manifestations are pain and functional discomfort, represent a major health issue in the working environment, because they are associated with many professional risk factors. The aim of this thesis is to give an overall view of MSDs among dentists, this occupation being particularly high-risk. A first part shows, after some generalities, that the prevalence of MSDs among practitioners is high in some anatomical areas. The various biomechanical, organizational, ergonomic and psychosocial professional risk factors of MSDs for dentists, as well as the personal and professional consequences of these pathologies, are also described. In a second part, the results of a descriptive cross-sectional study carried out to assess musculoskeletal symptoms among clinician students at the Faculty of Odontology of Aix-Marseille University are presented. This study, based on a standardized, validated and reliable questionnaire, has shown, among the participants, a very high prevalence of these symptoms during the 12 months (90,3 %) and the 7 days (69,4 %) preceding the reply to the questionnaire. The affected anatomical areas, the affected side, as well as the intensity of pain felt have also been analysed. The last part concerns the prevention of MSDs among dentists and gives the means that can be implemented, such as the establishment of ergonomic working conditions or the practice of physical activities or sport, in order to avoid the appearance or the worsening of these pathologies.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03519894
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Submitted on : Monday, January 10, 2022 - 5:13:45 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 14, 2022 - 3:29:55 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-03519894, version 1

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Loïc Charasson. Troubles musculo-squelettiques du chirurgien-dentiste : étude à travers l'exemple des étudiants de la Faculté d'Odontologie d'Aix-Marseille Université. Chirurgie. 2020. ⟨dumas-03519894⟩

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