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Master Thesis

Alimentation de l'enfant à l'âge de 2 ans et trajectoires développementales de symptômes d'hyperactivité-inattention et de problèmes de conduite

Abstract : Background: although the role of diet is increasingly acknowledged in psychiatry, data is still scarce regarding its early impact on the most significant behavioral disorders of childhood (i.e. hyperactivity-inattention and conduct problems). Objective: the objective of this study was to explore the relation between children's dietary patterns at 2 years and developmental trajectories of hyperactivity-inattention and conduct problems between 3 and 8 years. Methods: we recruited 1,432 mother-child dyads from the French EDEN (Etude des déterminants pré- et postnatals précoces du développement et de la santé de l’enfant) motherchild cohort to conduct the analyses. Three dietary patterns, labeled 'Guidelines', 'Processed, fast foods', and ‘Baby foods’, were identified using a food frequency questionnaire in children aged 2 years in a previous study. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used to assess hyperactivity-inattention and conduct problems at 3, 5 and 8 years of age and build related trajectories from 3 to 8 years. The relation between children’s dietary patterns at 2 years and the worst developmental trajectory of hyperactivityinattention and conduct problems were determined with multivariable logistic regressions adjusted for potential socioeconomic, maternal and child confounders. Results: the score on the “Guidelines” dietary pattern was negatively associated with the risk of hyperactivity-inattention problems (OR= 0.75; 95% CI= 0.60-0.94), contrary to adherence to the “Baby foods” dietary pattern (OR= 1.41; 95% CI= 1.16-1.71). Conclusion: distinct patterns of children’s diet at 2 years were predictive of developmental trajectories of hyperactivity-inattention problems between 3 and 8 years. These results highlight the relevance of conducting further studies to clarify the mechanisms involved.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-03554654
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 3, 2022 - 12:18:51 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 8, 2022 - 3:38:35 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, May 4, 2022 - 7:58:12 PM

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Nicolas Iv. Alimentation de l'enfant à l'âge de 2 ans et trajectoires développementales de symptômes d'hyperactivité-inattention et de problèmes de conduite. Sciences du Vivant [q-bio]. 2022. ⟨dumas-03554654⟩

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