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Master Thesis

Déterminants d’une prévention adéquate des écrans chez les enfants de moins de six ans par le médecin généraliste

Abstract : Introduction: screens have become omnipresent in our daily lives, and many studies have shown their harmful effects on young children, constituting a real public health problem. The general practitioner has a central and major role in the prevention of this subject. Although national and international recommendations are being made to regulate the use of these drugs, no consensus has been adopted.. Many studies have already addressed the lack of training of general practitioners and the obstacles to better prevention, but the determinants of adequate prevention have never been explored. Similarly, the influence of the general practitioner's family and personal behaviour on the prevention he/she carries out in the office has never been studied. Method: this is an observational, quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study, aimed at carrying out a declarative survey of practice. It was carried out by questioning general practitioners in Gironde, via an anonymous online self-questionnaire. Results: 51 responses were obtained, out of 155 questionnaires sent, which represents a response rate of 32.9%. The determinants of adequate prevention were a young age (30-40 years) of the physician for prevention in children under six years of age (p=0.0001 / p = 0.0005), a number of procedures between 15 and 25 for a better quality message (p = 0.03 / p = 0.04), the status of parent (p=0.01) with young children (p=0.0015), having children who do not watch television in the morning (p=0.025), applying to oneself rules for the use of screens (p=0.004), being trained on this subject (p=0.02), and feeling that they have the necessary knowledge to do so (p=0.0054) Conclusion: although physicians feel they have the knowledge to do prevention, they are insufficiently trained, and their prevention messages are flawed. However, other prevention drivers can also be exploited, such as acting on their practice habits in the office, or by improving their own personal and family behaviors towards screens. Finally, the sensitivity of young physicians to this subject opens the door to early training on this topic in the medical curriculum.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Friday, February 25, 2022 - 2:03:40 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 1, 2022 - 3:30:14 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, May 26, 2022 - 6:58:33 PM


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Clarisse Rheims. Déterminants d’une prévention adéquate des écrans chez les enfants de moins de six ans par le médecin généraliste. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2021. ⟨dumas-03589120⟩



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