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Master Thesis

L'art non officiel soviétique de l'U.R.S.S. à l'Occident de 1956 à 1986. Deux parcours : Oskar Rabine et la revue A-Ya

Abstract : The aim of this essay is to explain the situation of artistic creation under Soviet regime. It describes more specifically the living conditions of visual artists (painters or sculptors) who wanted to create out of artistic ideology of socialist realism imposed by the State. Our analysis begins in fact in 1956, in a moment where the authorities want to distinguish themselves from Stalinism, which is followed by a movement of liberalization in the arts. This period has been called the "thaw". "Nonconformist" artists appear and try to find their way through the system. Though, the thaw will be followed by a period of refrost. We then tackle the difficulties of existence met by these artists, called "unofficial artists", because their art cannot find its place in the State artistic institutions. These artists will be help by the West (by collectors or diplomatic members living in U.S.S.R.). The Westerners will give recognition to these artists, buy their work, exhibit it. The artists, tired of being persecuted in their country, will see in the Western countries a shelter. We then analyze the connection between the West and artists who are regarded as "dissidents" in time of Cold War. Our study is more specifically about artists in exile review A-Ya, which is a testimony of their lives and existence in the West.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 18, 2010 - 7:24:18 PM
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Mathilde Chambard. L'art non officiel soviétique de l'U.R.S.S. à l'Occident de 1956 à 1986. Deux parcours : Oskar Rabine et la revue A-Ya. Histoire. 2010. ⟨dumas-00537633⟩

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