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Master Thesis

Analyse critique de la controverse sur le clonage reproductif humain : est-il moralement inadmissible ?

Abstract : Human reproductive cloning always sparks off many vehement debates between its supporters who on one hand see it (or only want to see it) as just a new method of assisted reproduction, and its opponents who consider that it can possibly lead to the distortion of human nature, from eugenics risks to probable clones' identity problems, etc.
Are these arguments valid? Is human reproductive cloning just a new technique that only aims to reduce the infertility of couples or rather, should we see it as a new technique that is potentially harmful? If it is harmful, for whom is it, how and for what reasons? The purpose of our project, through this essay, is to understand what is at stake behind this debate and behind cloning. Is it really the identity of human beings that is at stake as it is often claimed? Or is there something else that would explain the almost deep and intense reluctance towards human cloning?
To carry out this investigation, we will first examine the current debate, relaying key issues on which today's scientific controversy about human cloning is based. This will allow us to understand what exactly the arguments generally developed against human cloning are in order to analyze why they don't hold up again from a close scrutiny from a scientific and philosophical approach. However, if these arguments against human cloning seem not to be tenable, does it mean that we should declare ourselves in favor of human cloning? Perhaps not because there is still an argument which is explored little even though it may be credible: the fact is that cloning deals with doubles, and even thought it does not actually create doubles or copies (this will be examined secondly), it remains that in the minds of men, it is the case, and therein lies the danger. The clone may be subject to imprisonment in biased ideas that have no physical or biological basis, but as they are strongly rooted in the collective imagination (where the determinist and the "all genetics" is a current ideology) they are difficult to sweep aside. It will finally allow us to respond to the advocates of human cloning, in a kind of dialogue in which we will show them the philosophical and methodological limitations of their approach.
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Master Thesis
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  • HAL Id : dumas-00634177, version 1

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Éva Marazel. Analyse critique de la controverse sur le clonage reproductif humain : est-il moralement inadmissible ?. Philosophie. 2011. ⟨dumas-00634177⟩

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