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Master Thesis

La représentation de l'orage dans la peinture française de la fin du XVIIIe siècle

Abstract : The subject of the storm develops especially in French painting during the second half of the eighteen century. This development is partly related to the context of the period: sensitivity, taste for natural disaster, but also to the interest in this atmospheric phenomenon, which can be found in another disciplines such as literature or science. In science, the eighteen century gave rise to great advances in the field of meteorology. In some works of art, especially in the studies, we find almost scientific observation of different weathers and atmospheres, and storm is a subject particularly fascinating to study.
Depict the storm doesn't mean only depict the sky: this atmospheric phenomenon transformed the entire perception of a landscape and affect the characters and the scene. The first to deal with this subject in French painting of the second part of the eighteen century are landscape painters -it incorporates the other genres, including history painting, at the end of the century- and in particular marine painters, with Claude-Joseph Vernet in leadership, particularly known for its storms at sea. Shipwreck and visions of raging sea are characteristic of a part of the production of the previous century Dutch school, so popular among collectors of the eighteenth century. The shipwreck scene has also a great place in literature since antiquity. Whether in painting or literature, lovers of storms want to be touched, to feel that man is nothing compared to nature.
In the course of the century, storm representations change, the scenes depicted increasingly pathetic, survivor groups are reduced suggesting death, while the representations of storm on ground evolving rather to expression of melancholy.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 1, 2012 - 2:04:09 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 11:36:16 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-00721138, version 1

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Marion Costa. La représentation de l'orage dans la peinture française de la fin du XVIIIe siècle. Art et histoire de l'art. 2012. ⟨dumas-00721138⟩

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