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Master Thesis

Contributions d'expériences brésiliennes au développement des organisations collectives de gestion de la biodiversité cultivée en France. Le cas de la Maison de la Semence de AgroBio Périgord

Abstract : Farm seeds always have been bred and conserved by world wide farmers. Nowadays this seeds can resolve new issues as : adaptation of production systems to climate changes and specific conditions, biodiversity preservation, or creation of varieties adapted to non-conventional crop management and transformation. Nevertheless, farm seeds development face difficulties linked to a restrictive legislation and traditional knowledge erosion - specifically about seeds management. In Brazil, since the early 80's, farmer organizations managing these seeds free from royalty, are developing with different kinds of functioning. In order to be enriched with these Brazilian experiences, the organic agriculture development association of Dordogne, AgroBio Périgord, organized a study trip there in 2004. That is how the AgroBio Périgord's Seed House - Maison de la Semence - had been created. This present study aims to promote the collective organizations and management methods learnt through those Brazilian experiences and the AgroBio Périgord Seed House works. Thanks to interviews with representatives of these seven Brazilian organizations, and to the daily activities of AgroBio Périgord Seed House, general teachings have been identified and discussed in relation to the respective context of each structure. These organizations are not limited to a seed centralization structure and they use a wide diversity of tools to manage seeds and varieties. Seeds access and transfer modalities depend on the group objectives and the global logistic is transposable from Brazil to France. Finally, all organizations have a politic activity but just a few of them use farm variety monitoring and selection methods.
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-00739830
Contributor : Agrocampus Ouest <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 9, 2012 - 9:38:04 AM
Last modification on : Monday, July 6, 2020 - 3:38:21 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, January 10, 2013 - 3:38:42 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-00739830, version 1

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Manuel Delafoulhouze. Contributions d'expériences brésiliennes au développement des organisations collectives de gestion de la biodiversité cultivée en France. Le cas de la Maison de la Semence de AgroBio Périgord. Sciences agricoles. 2012. ⟨dumas-00739830⟩

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