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Master Thesis

Les vases en pierres dures, XVIe-XVIIIe siècles

Abstract : "Nothing marks more magnificence of great princes that their superb palaces and precious furniture which decorate them" said Louis XIV. The remarkable collection of gems of Louis XIV, today preserved in Louvre museum, comprised about thousand vases in colored stones or in rocks' crystal. Gathered like princes of the Renaissance, its brilliance served prestige of the monarch with dignity. But the collection of vases in hard stones of the Louvre was however enriched with others acquisitions, as beautiful. But these vases were less studied than these of Louis XIV. That's why, this master's thesis intends to study about thirty vases in hard stone, preserved in Louvre museum and in Nissim de Camondo museum, which didn't belonged to Louis XIVs' collection.
This master's thesis of researches in Art History is divided in two volumes. The first volume comprises the text, the second volume is the catalogue. Vases of catalogue have been made in Italy and in France, from the second half of the XVI century to the XVIII century. Hard stones were used from Antiquity for many ornaments and objects. In different forms, most of vases in catalogue are in porphyry and rocks' crystal. The others are in agate, jaspe and hard wood. Engraved or not, these vases are sometimes mounted with gold, silver or bronze. This study presents an analysis of the stylistic evolution of forms, ornaments and materials, from Renaissance to the XVIII century.
The first examples of vases in hard stones date back to Antiquity. But because of destructions and reusing, the ancient examples we know are quite rare. The medieval period produced also vases in hard stones, but it was during the Renaissance that these creations knew a renewed of success. Although some prototypes circulated in Europe, creating different influences, each model is almost unique. Italy, France, and country of Eastern Europe, specialized in these realizations aimed at well-do-to and cultured people.
So, objects studied in this master's thesis are representative of vases created in France and Italy during almost three centuries. Hypothesis suggested lean on researches first leaded by great specialists of these different subjects, like Daniel Alcouffe, Philippe Malgouyres, Ernest Babelon or Pierre Verlet.
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  • HAL Id : dumas-00778434, version 1

Citation

Marie-Élisabeth Plotard. Les vases en pierres dures, XVIe-XVIIIe siècles. Art et histoire de l'art. 2012. ⟨dumas-00778434⟩

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