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Master Thesis

Évaluation de l'entretien médical réalisé par les sportifs sanctionnés pour dopage‎ : expérience de l'Antenne médicale de prévention du dopage Rhône-Alpes de 2002 à 2012

Abstract : Background: In France, since 2001, medical care of athletes resorting to doping are devolved to Preventive Units for Doping (AMPDs). Indeed, the French Sport Code mentions that each athlete sanctioned for doping, who wants his or her license back, has to be interviewed by an AMPD's practitioner. At the end of this interview, a nominative certificate is delivered to the athlete who has to put it back to his or her federation. Objective: To assess the relevance of these medical interviews realized in the Rhône-Alpes' region's AMPD from 2002 to 2012. Method: Retrospective study analyzing the medical observations arising from the doped athletes' interviews. Results: 83 athletes, mainly men, mean age 28 (+/- 7) years old were received. The most frequently involved substance was cannabis (66,3%) followed by glucocorticoids (19,3%), anabolic steroids (7,2%), diuretics (4,8%) and β2 agonists (1,2%). 23 athletes (27,8%) were likely or truly addicted. Among athletes who abused of several psychoactives substances, only 6 (7,2%) were addiction-free. Finally, a medical follow up was proposed to 35 (42,2%) athletes. Conclusion: Given the high prevalence of addiction and/or polyconsumptions' problems among athletes who were sanctioned for doping, this interviewing process seems relevant. Moreover, this study highlights close links between the use of doping substances, drug abuse and addiction. Two thirds of the athletes were sanctioned for cannabis' consumption. So, the relevance of an antidoping fight's policy only bases on repression of drug abuse can be questioned in order to reduce theses consumptions among athletes who take part to competition.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-00803600
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 10, 2013 - 5:25:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-00803600, version 1

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Sandra Winter. Évaluation de l'entretien médical réalisé par les sportifs sanctionnés pour dopage‎ : expérience de l'Antenne médicale de prévention du dopage Rhône-Alpes de 2002 à 2012. Médecine humaine et pathologie. 2013. ⟨dumas-00803600⟩

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