Diffusion et transformation du néolibéralisme en France des années 1960 aux années 1980 : l'Association pour la Liberté et le Progrès Social et les "Nouveaux Économistes"

Abstract : The aim of this dissertation is to analyse the evolution and the spread of neoliberalism in France between 1960 and 1980, following both a historical and sociological approach on the networks of actors who promoted it. Born in the inter-war period when nineteenth century classical liberalism was called into question by competing doctrines, the neo-liberal doctrine was formed by rejecting the dogmas of the supporters of laissezfaire and by an important doctrinal renewal. Carried by a loose network made up of employer unions and poorly organized circles of academics, neo-liberalism became institutionalized thanks to the support of the conservative fringe of large businesses and anti-communist activists who created the "Association pour la Liberté Economique et le Progrès Social" in 1966. In the 1970s, this first generation of activists was replaced by a new one, familiar with Anglo-Saxon economic litterature and linked in to transnational networks prone to the free circulation of ideas. They promoted a dynamic neo-liberal movement which aspired to break the social consensus of the postwar period. Gathered around the group of the "New Economists" created in 1977, these intellectuals were the vectors of the circulation of neo-liberal ideas in the intellectual and political spheres in France. This insight into the history of neoliberal networks of French activists aims to "de-homogenize" neoliberalism, which is multifaceted and which has undergone important changes over time. Secondly, it attempts to underline the crucial role of transnational networks of exchange of ideas in the development and legitimization of scientific knowledge used for the purpose of political activism.
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Master Thesis
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Kevin Brookes. Diffusion et transformation du néolibéralisme en France des années 1960 aux années 1980 : l'Association pour la Liberté et le Progrès Social et les "Nouveaux Économistes". Science politique. 2012. ⟨dumas-00807821⟩

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