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Master Thesis

Les stratégies des ONG du niveau local au niveau international : l'exemple des Amis de la Terre

Abstract : The Friends of the Earth is one of the first NGOs born in France. Since, they are active, in more than 70 countries, against the negative repercussions of human activities on the Earth. With regards to international campaigns, the organization is quite similar in style from others NGOs such as Greenpeace. However, its particularity resides in its philosophy and in its internal functioning. The Friends of the Earth emphasises the importance of the concept of participative democracy that can be checked in the autonomy of the local groups. Moreover, the actions do not necessarily deal with international issues ; the organization gives its members, whom it considers as having a priority in their immediate environment, the opportunity to lead local actions. Accordingly, the issue of the study will be to understand how the links between local and international actions are established and to define which ones are the most efficient in terms of imposition and internalization of norms. In a first part, a description of the actions, the values and the different strategies used by the organization will be done. lts particularities will be underlined by a comparison with its major competitor, Greenpeace. The second part will inscribe the fundamental values and positions of the Friends of the Earth on a continuum of the ecologist trend. We will equally confront the functioning of the organization with the concept of Participative Sustainable Development. Finally, the third part will try to highlight the links joining global and local actions and will describe the several strategies used by NGOs in order to be successful in their missions.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 17, 2013 - 10:31:36 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-00811504, version 1



Aude Bocquet. Les stratégies des ONG du niveau local au niveau international : l'exemple des Amis de la Terre. Science politique. 2006. ⟨dumas-00811504⟩



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