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Master Thesis

Texte(s) et image(s) : les bestiaires de la librairie et du Palais pontifical d'Avignon (XIVe-XVe siècles)

Abstract : In relation with G. C. Druce and Xenia Muratova's researches, text and sculptured images would be linked. So, we apply this concept to Pope' palace at Avignon by opposite text from the pontifical library and sculptured images from the New Palace. In fact, this is a study between literature and art.
The Pope' palace would be the greater cultural center of the Chretien world with its library. Because manuscripts came from Perouse's library, privacy libraries and heritages, this library is an excellent evidence of medieval knowledge and mentalities. This is the reason why, it is interesting to detect analogies between writing and sculpted images at the Avignon's court; the main is to find exchanges. So, we decide to oppose textual corpus to iconographic corpus.
On one hand, we listed the library's manuscripts and organized them by subjects. This is a way to understanding the evolution of the bestiary between 1316 and 1420. Three groups composed the corpus: Scriptural writing, patristic and pagan writing. We accounted seven Saint Ambrose's Hexameron, twelve Guillaume Durand's Rationale divinorum officiorum, eighteen Saint Gregory The Great's Moralia in Job, one Raban Maur's De Universo, one Gervase of Tilbury's Otia Imperiala alias Mirabilibus mundi, nine Barthelemy de Glanville's De proprietatibus rerum, six Albert The Great's De Animalibus, three Vincent of Beauvais' Speculum Naturale, one or two Bestiairium, fifteen Aristot's Historia Animalium in latin, six Pline's Naturalis Historia, three Solin's Collectionae rerum memorabilium, seven James of Voragine's Cronica santorum or Aureas Sanctorum, one Frederic the Second's De arte venandi cum avidus, one Ruffo Giordano's De medica equorum, three Historia Terre Orientalis, two Hayton's Flos ystoriarum terre orientis, six legends, two Mappa mundi, one compendium philosophiae, two Quintius-Curtius Rufus' Gesta alexandri magni, and twenty-two Isidore of Seville's Etymologia.
On the other hand, we listed the sculpted bestiary in the Pope' palace. The results of this study show that bestiary from Physilogus' tradition migrated to sculpture only by the Isidore of Seville's Etimologia and by the Vincent of Beauvais' Speculum Historiale and Naturale. Without Bestiaries, these texts would have preserved knowledge concerning animal world. For the moment, no analogy with texts and images was found, but five encyclopedia help us to understand the system of the first classification. But, we try a new one in relation with the Pope' palace.
Because the library of the Pope' Palace have been a great influence on the intellectual medieval thought, study the link between literature and History Art was an evidence to continue my researches in this way.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 9, 2013 - 8:16:43 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 25, 2020 - 3:10:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, April 6, 2017 - 7:14:15 AM


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  • HAL Id : dumas-00854133, version 1


Fabienne Féraud. Texte(s) et image(s) : les bestiaires de la librairie et du Palais pontifical d'Avignon (XIVe-XVe siècles). Art et histoire de l'art. 1996. ⟨dumas-00854133⟩



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