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Master Thesis

Lavandula angustifolia M., Lavandula latifolia M., Lavandula x intermedia E.‎ : études botaniques, chimiques et thérapeutiques

Abstract : Among the seven subfamilies of Lamiaceae (over 6,900 species), that of Népétoïdées includes the genus Lavandula. Three medicinal plants belong to this genus: True Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia), the Spike lavender (L. spica) and Lavender (L. x intermedia). These plants, growing at different altitudes depending on the species, are sub-shrubs whose branches flower stem is quadrangular, the flowers blue-purple with corolla bilabiate are grouped spike loose or tight. The essential oil is extracted from the flowering tops, this essence is contained in the secretory cells, especially present at the level of chalices. Its chemical composition, rich in terpenes which linalool and linalyl acetate, gives this plant multiple pharmacological activities: sedative, anxiolytic, immunomodulatory, anti-infective, anti-cancer, anti-androgenic, cholagogue, antispasmodic, antiplatelet, cardioprotective. The botanical aspect of Lavandula genus, production and chemical composition of the essential oil are discussed in this paper as well as therapeutic interest, toxicity and medicines and food supplements containing Lavender.
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Master Thesis
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-00858644
Contributor : Jean-Hugues Morneau <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 5, 2013 - 4:37:46 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 11:36:17 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, December 6, 2013 - 4:26:08 AM

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  • HAL Id : dumas-00858644, version 1

Citation

Maud Belmont. Lavandula angustifolia M., Lavandula latifolia M., Lavandula x intermedia E.‎ : études botaniques, chimiques et thérapeutiques. Sciences pharmaceutiques. 2013. ⟨dumas-00858644⟩

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