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Master Thesis

La pensée philosophique en tant qu'ἀνάμνησις

Abstract : The purpose of this research is to view philosophical thought as being essentially connected to the phenomenon of ἀνάμνησις, that is, recollection or anamnesis. We are trying to rethink the particularity of philosophical reasoning. From this point of view, to philosophize means "to recollect". However, anamnesis has nothing to do with memory or memories. It is rather an experience through which truth happens. Our starting point can be traced to an obviousness of philosophical thought: thought has a history and roots in a certain tradition. Anything one places before thought, anything that thought undertakes as task is either connected to what has been thought before or refers to what has been, even if one admits it or not. We identify, underneath this obviousness, a tendency of philosophical thought which has not yet been questioned or explained. Thus to philosophize means, to a certain degree, turning towards the past in order to seize it back, but this time in another light. This starting point receives philosophical confirmation through the "historical" analysis of anamnesis in the works of Plato and Gadamer. Through this we discover that anamnesis defines the process of philosophical "learning and discovery". According to Plato άνάμνησις represents not so much an actualization of innate and latent knowledge as a way of grasping anew the "known". This "retrospective" movement allows philosophical thought to attain truth and knowledge. According to Gadamer Plato's άνάμνησις resembles re-cognition. Both analyses reveal the "structure" and the being of anamnesis, which is that of the "re-": re-living, re-cognition, re-conquering, re-view reality "from a distance". This idea means to "view" things "in a different perspective", or to re-experience things as a form of "increasing" knowledge. "Re-" in anamnesis means to re-make an "experience". Anamnesis is the experience of philosophical reasoning. Knowing from a philosophical point of view signifies having the "experience of an experience".
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 4, 2014 - 9:23:43 AM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-00941559, version 1

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Alexandru Ovidiu Gacea. La pensée philosophique en tant qu'ἀνάμνησις. Philosophie. 2013. ⟨dumas-00941559⟩

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