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Master Thesis

Prise en charge d'une primo-infection au virus de la varicelle et du zona lors de la grossesse : enquête nationale de pratiques

Abstract : Objective: Chickenpox during pregnancy is a rare pathology, between 350 at 500 cases a year are estimated in France, but potentially very serious for the foetus and the pregnant woman. There is, to date, no scientific obstetrical guideline for clinical practice in France. The objective of our study was to estimate the practices of the gynaecologists-obstetricians and midwives concerning the management of chickenpox during pregnancy. Methods: We carried out a national descriptive practice survey. An anonymous inquiry form with 20 multiple-choice questions was sent to the professionals of the pregnancy. The participants answered questions regarding on the VZV virus, maternal varicella, congenital varicella syndrome, neonatal varicella and prevention. Results and conclusion: On 271 answers, 60 % (161) of the participants are gynaecologists-obstetricians and 40 % (110) are midwives. The study shows that the consequences of the primary infection to the varicella-zoster virus during the pregnancy are badly known. Furthermore, these results reveal a diversity of management among these practitioners. If we compare these practices with the current data, we notice that they are not still in accordance with the international scientific literature or with the guidelines of nearby countries (England, Canada).
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https://dumas.ccsd.cnrs.fr/dumas-01025193
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 17, 2014 - 11:47:42 AM
Last modification on : Friday, January 10, 2020 - 3:42:28 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, November 24, 2014 - 5:29:41 PM

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Géraldine Benoît. Prise en charge d'une primo-infection au virus de la varicelle et du zona lors de la grossesse : enquête nationale de pratiques. Gynécologie et obstétrique. 2014. ⟨dumas-01025193⟩

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