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Master Thesis

Nietzsche et le scandale du mal. Quelle attitude adopter face à la souffrance ?

Abstract : To feel pity for a suffering innocent or to aim at taking revenge for an unpunished culprit are instinctive moral reactions which seem obvious to us. However, considering the suffering, should it be inequitably undergone or committed with impunity, as the "evil in itself" is more problematic than it seems. Indeed, life is suffering, which means having to undergo the continual frustration of our desire in front of a problematic, chaotic and indifferent reality. Therefore, the evil itself is part of the existence and trying to abolish it means to abolish life itself. Thus, what should we do? Which attitude should we adopt towards suffering? Is it necessary to deny the apparent reality, to slander the sensitive and to take refuge in the comforting illusion of the back-worlds? Or do we have to resign to suffer without understanding why, by striving to suppress our desires in order to mitigate the evil? Between these two extremes, the radicalization of the philosophical questioning which proposes Nietzsche allows us to find a new way to face the evil without sinking into nihilism.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 27, 2014 - 4:32:35 PM
Last modification on : Monday, May 17, 2021 - 2:52:17 PM
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  • HAL Id : dumas-01058690, version 1



Romain Lecomte. Nietzsche et le scandale du mal. Quelle attitude adopter face à la souffrance ?. Philosophie. 2014. ⟨dumas-01058690⟩



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