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Master Thesis

Évaluation et limites de la stratégie turque de diversification énergétique

Abstract : The issue of energy has become more crucial than ever in the world, more even in Turkey. This country has experienced the second global growth in terms of energy and electricity demand for over a decade. Natural gas is the fuel used predominantly, but Turkey owns only a tiny amount of hydrocarbons. Thus, she is forced to import almost all of its consumption of natural gas and crude oil. This strong energy dependence comes up economic and geopolitical issues. In order to lessen it, the country has implemented a dual strategy of diversification. To enhance its energy security, Turkey plans to use its unique geographical position between producer and consumer countries to initiate a "pipeline politics". To maximize the diversification of its hydrocarbon supplies, Turkey has taken part both in Russian and European projects and attempts to mobilize its eastern neighbours through trade agreements and a proactive energy diplomacy. However, the diversification of suppliers does not solve the problem of its growing dependence on fossil fuels. Thus, Turkey has decided to diversify its energy mix that showcases renewable energy and initiating a civil nuclear program. The government has opted to urge on the development of the huge potential of renewable energy through tax incentives. Finally, this policy is accompanied by an improvement in energy efficiency to meet the future obligations of Turkey both in the global climate governance and standards of the acquis communautaire. Nevertheless, as we shall notice, many of these different ways of diversification have aporia and impediment.
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Master Thesis
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 29, 2015 - 2:30:32 PM
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Ronan Le Rouzic. Évaluation et limites de la stratégie turque de diversification énergétique. Science politique. 2014. ⟨dumas-01111031⟩

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